Marmion, Doug Reviewed by 1. Full Text PDF kb. To cite this article: Marmion, Doug. Personal Author: Marmion, Doug. Source: Australian Aboriginal Studies, No. To cite this article: Altman, Jon and Hinkson, Melinda. Jon Altman.
Freedom ride: a freedom rider remembers. High-resolution digital photomosaic recording of rock-art. Australian Aboriginal Studies. High-resolution Digital Photomosaic Recording of Rock-art. Ford, Bruce. To cite this article: Ford, Bruce. Personal Author: Ford, Bruce Personal Author: Ford, Bruce. Flesh with Country: Juxtaposition and minimal contrast in the construction and melodic treatment of jadmi song texts.
For some time researchers of Centralian-style songs have found that compositional and performance practices that guide the construction and musical treatment of song texts have a broader social function. Most recently, Barwick has Related Topics. Australian Aboriginal History. Follow Following. Australian Indigenous Studies. Australian Indigenous History. Australian Aboriginals. Colonial history, Aboriginal history and cultural studies, Australian history.
Australian Aboriginal Folklore. Strings, Harp, And Guitar. Indigenous Australian Philosophy. Development of the harp. Australian indigenous cinema. Ads help cover our server costs. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Genocide is a crime, in other words, for which Australia is listed among the usual suspects.
Ten volumes are so far projected in the series 'Studies on War and Genocide', edited by Omer Bartov, of Brown University, and of those ten, two have a general coverage, seven are on the Nazis, and one — the one under review here — is about Australia. Of course, in the two general volumes there are chapters about mass violence in other countries: the St Bartholomew's Day massacre in France, the rape of Nanking, Serbia, Croatia, Rwanda and so on.
But only Australia so far merits a volume of its own. Similarly, the fate of the Tasmanian Aborigines is often held up as an unusually thorough example of genocide — an entire people, racially and cultural distinct and confined to a single island, had virtually disappeared within three generations of invasion by the British.
It does not help that the history of British settlement throughout the Australian continent is devoid of any kind of long-term and far-ranging treaty between colonisers and colonised. Elsewhere in the empire either a treaty preceded wholesale settlement New Zealand is the obvious case , or else something like a treaty has been enacted more recently as in Canada. Australia stands out as a country where negotiations of this kind have always been haphazard and non-committal. It is tempting then to assume that they have been shaped overall by force, and from the Indigenous point of view by the real possibility of extermination.
On the face of it, there is no good reason why the British in Australia should have been more ruthless than the British, or other European conquerors, anywhere else.
It is worth asking then, whether the Australian experience deserves its notoriety. As I understand it, this is more or less the purpose of this book. So, while the editor, Dirk Moses of Sydney University, has hereby raised Australia's profile as a place clearly relevant to the issue of genocide, he has also posed the question in an open-minded way that ought to satisfy Australians genuinely interested in the history and reputation of their country.fauvounapa.ml
Invisible Invaders: Smallpox and Other Diseases in Aboriginal Australia 1780-1880
And indeed, national feeling has to be taken very seriously in such discussion, which very deliberately places nations in the dock. Historians have national and ethnic affiliations of their own, but even more obviously so do their readers. This is a topic that poses fundamental questions about the relationship of writer and reader, and since history speaks mainly through that relationship, it follows that books such as this one must make crucial statements about the purpose of the discipline.
It might even be argued that the emergence of genocide as an area of research and publication is symptomatic of a deep methodological transformation in historical scholarship, characteristic of even larger cultural changes, with their immediate origins in the s. Books like this provide a trenchant commentary on the theoretical wanderings of historical writing during the last decades of the twentieth century. Is history fiction?
Is the past real? Do any of the scholars who have asked such questions have scars on their own bodies — even little scars — as a daily reminder that history is in fact palpable? When Dr Johnson was asked how he refuted Bishop Berkeley's assertion of the unreality of material things he kicked a stone — 'I refute him thus'. Theodore Dalrymple has likewise said in Our Culture, What's Left of It that the rudderless intellectualising which he considers typical of the twentieth century might be countered in much the same way — by facing up to the fact of massive suffering and the human impact of evil.
IND/Invasion and the Colonial Frontier Period References - WikiEducator
Historical scholarship seems to be undergoing a reality check of a similar kind. This is good. It is, of course, only 'left-wing' intellectuals who are usually accused of being rudderless. But, in Australia at least, the clearest examples of intellectual nihilism are to be found among those who say — now very publicly — that the Australian colonial frontier was not particularly bloody, and that whatever violence did occur has no bearing on us now.
Moses's book is a very useful contribution to this 'debate' too. It presses home the question as to how the historian should be morally evolved in his or her subject matter. Indeed, the evil under examination may be so immediate part of one's own national history and so extreme that moral judgement tips over into quasi-legal judgement.
Genocide, of course, is a crime, defined as such by the United Nations.
- Latin American Social Movements: Globalization, Democratization, and Transnational Networks;
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- Honest Signals: How They Shape Our World (MIT Press).
- Invisible Invaders: Smallpox and Other Diseases in Aboriginal Australia, 1780-1880;
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- Chicken pox or smallpox in the colony at Sydney Cove in April, 1789?
It does not follow that every account of genocide is worth listening to. The chapters in this book are uneven. Their over-all arrangement is useful and important, the juxtaposition of Australian and Nazi detail being designed to raise questions in the minds of readers, with minimal guidance from the editor.
There are three main sections. In the first, 'Conceptual and historical determinants', the four successive authors are mainly concerned with thinking through the meaning of the word 'genocide', within an historical context. By way of refining the process of comparison, Dirk Moses in his own chapter condemns the 'wild analogies' made by some authors in their enthusiasm to rank Australian experience with that of Nazi Europe. The truth about Australian events, he says, is horrifying, and yet more complex than such writing suggests. On the one hand, in Britain and its colonies, including the Australian ones, civil rights and human values have been highly prized.
On the other, the British Empire frequently had a devastating effect on the populations that happened to be in its way.